West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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Indian Railways has installed Asia’s largest Solid State Interlocking (SSI) system at Kharagpur in West Bengal. The system will enable station masters to set 800 different routes for trains in a matter of minutes.
Interlocking is a railway signal apparatus that prevents conflicting movements of trains through an arrangement of tracks such as junctions or crossings.
The cutting-edge SSI system technology was installed at a cost of Rs 39 crore. It replaces pre-1989 route relay system that only allowed operators to set maximum 423 routes. The new ensures that no cross-movement takes place.
The SSI software also detect routes particular train can take and inform station masters working at panel. This will help in bringing down operation time and possibility of human error. It will reduce the possibility of accidents.
The software is microprocessor-based and suggests possible routes to station master. Under this system, station master only needs to assign platforms depending on importance of the train, number of coaches and other parameters.
The Geographical Indication (GI) Registry and Intellectual Property India has presented Geographical Indication (GI) Tag status to Banglar Rasogolla of West Bengal and Mamallapuram stone sculptures of Tamil Nadu.
Banglar Rasgolla: The Directorate of Food Processing Industry of West Bengal had made an application on September 8, 2015, seeking the GI status for Banglar Rasogolla. According to application, Rasogollas were invented in Nadia district of West Bengal are 60 years old (lower end time frame). Haradhan, a confectioner of village Phulia is named as the inventor. West Bengal has given half-a-dozen historical evidences to back its claim.
Sculptures from Mamallapuram: They are carved in stone with characteristics of intricate designing chiselled finely. They are carved inspirit of surrounding Pallava art and architecture. The description includes cave architecture, rock architecture, open sculptures, structural temples, relief sculptures and painting or portrait sculptures.
Geographical Indication (GI) Tag
The Geographical Indication (GI) is name or sign used on certain products which correspond to specific geographical location or origin. It is used for agricultural, natural and manufactured goods having special quality and established reputation.
These goods and products having tag are recognised for their origin, quality and reputation and gives it required edge in the global market. It also ensures that none can use their name, giving them exclusivity. The registration of a GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed.
GI is covered as element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property. At international level, GI is governed by WTO’s Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS).
In India, GI tag is governed by Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection Act), 1999. This Act is administered by Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also Registrar of Geographical Indications.