West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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The Governments of Odisha and neighbouring West Bengal conducted joint security exercise named ‘Sagar Kavach’ to further tighten the existing coastal security mechanism along the 630 km long coastline.
It was security exercise to check efficacy of security parameters and preparedness of various security forces like Indian Navy, Marine police force, Indian Coast Guard (ICG), Forest Department, Fisheries and district administration.
In the exercise, they had organised simulated terror attack named ‘red force’ at random place along Odisha or West Bengal coast and check effectiveness of marine policing. The participants in drill were personnel from Indian Navy, ICG at Paradip and Haldia, 18 marine police stations in Odisha and 12 police stations of West Bengal. Moreover, teams of Customs and port officials, fisheries department officials will also take part in the drill. The drill re-valuated xisting Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) mechanisms.
The Executive Committee of National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has approved eight projects worth Rs. 700 crore under Namami Gange Programme
The four projects pertain to sewage management in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal, three are related to treatment of drains through bio-remediation and one related to inventorization and surveillance of Ganga River.
Pollution abatement works: Projects like interception, diversion and treatment of sewage in Bithoor have been approved.
Sewage management: The project has been approved in Ganga River at Bally in West Bengal for construction of 40 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity based PPP model among other works.
Similarly, construction of 65 MLD STP under Hybrid Annuity model has been approved for Bhagalpur in Bihar. In Uttar Pradesh, the project is approved for construction of two STPs (28 MLD + 05 MLD) in Farrukabad and one 2 MLD STP at Bargadiya drain in Fatehpur.
Treatment of drains using bio-remediation technology: Three projects were approved at ajapur drain and Digha drain in Patna and Laksar drain in Haridwar.
Pollution inventorization, assessment and surveillance Project: It aims to strengthen environmental regulation and water quality monitoring vis-à-vis river Ganga.
National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG)
NMCG is implementation wing of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (also referred as National Ganga Council). It was established in 2011 as a registered society under Societies Registration Act, 1860.
It has a two tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General (DG), NMCG. Executive Committee is authorized to approve projects under mission up to Rs.1000 crore.
Similar to structure at national level, State Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) acts as implementing arm of State Ganga Committees. This structure attempts to bring all stakeholders on one platform to take a holistic approach towards the task of Ganga cleaning and rejuvenation.