West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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West Bengal Government has given official language status to endangered tribal language Kurukh, mother tongue belonging to the Dravidian family.
It was given this status by the state government last month and but was announced recently by Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee.
- In West Bengal, it is spoken by Oraon tribal community who live in Dooars (alluvial floodplains in northeastern India that lie south of outer foothills of Himalayas and north of Brahmaputra River basin).
- Most of the tribal languages in West Bengal have their origins in the Austro-Asiatic and Tibeto-Barman families. But Kurukh is an exception which has its origin from the Dravidian family is Malto, which is not spoken in West Bengal, but in the Jharkhand’s Rajmahal hills area.
- Santhali, Munda and Hoe languages spoken in state that belong to Austro-Asiastic family, while the languages spoken by the Tamang, Lepcha and Bhutia tribes of the Darjeeling hills are of the Tibeto-Burman group.
About Kurukh language
- Kurukh language belongs to subfamily of Dravidian languages, spoken by some 17 lakh people (2001 census report) of the Oraon tribes of Chota Nagpur plateau of east-central India.
- It is closely related to Kumarbhag Paharia and Sauria Paharia languages, which are together referred to as Malto. Its script is called Tolong Siki.
- The language has been listed “vulnerable”state in UNESCO’s list of endangered languages.
- Jharkhand has recognised Kurukh as a language and its script in 2003. It allows students can write their school final examination in its script.
The 7th World Ayurveda Congress (WAC) was held from December 2 to 4, 2016 at Science City in Kolkata, West Bengal.
It was organised by the World Ayurveda Foundation with the support of the Union Ministry of AYUSH to facilitate development and growth of AYUSH system of medicine comprising Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha and Homoeopathy.
- The focus theme of the Ayurveda Congress was “Strengthening the Ayurveda Ecosystem“.
- The major components of the congress were public outreach session, Ayurveda Clinics for the general public and Public Lectures.
- During the 7th WAC, 5 plenary sessions, 25 parallel sessions and a large number of paper presentations were also held.
- On behest of PHARMEXCIL and Union Ministry of Commerce & Industry, buyer seller meet was also held to boost the export potential of the Ayurvedic Industry.
Besides, to facilitate development and growth of AYUSH system of medicine the AYUSH ministry also had organised AROGYA Expo. It was inaugurated by Union Minister for AYUSH Shripad Naik.