West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019

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Centre allows State Governments to put Enemy Properties to Public Use

The central government has allowed the state governments to put enemy properties into public use. The central government has amended the guidelines for disposal of the Enemy Property Order, 2018,  to facilitate usages of enemy property by the state government exclusively for public use.

Enemy Properties

  • Enemy properties are the properties of the people who migrated to Pakistan during partition and also to China after the Sino-India war in 1962.
  • It is estimated that there are 9,280 such properties which were left behind by people who went to Pakistan and 126 such properties were left by the Chinese nationals.
  • Of the total properties left behind by those migrated to Pakistan, about 4,991 are located in Uttar Pradesh, the highest in the country and West Bengal has 2,735 such estates and Delhi 487.
  • Of the total properties left by those left to China about 57 properties are located in Meghalaya, highest in the country. West Bengal has 29 such properties and Assam seven.
  • The estimated value of all enemy properties is approximately Rs 1 lakh crore.

The government had enacted the Enemy Property Act in 1968. This act was further amended through the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2017. As the Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Act, 2017 Successors of those who migrated to Pakistan and China during partition will have no claim over the properties left behind in India.

Month: Categories: Bills & ActsUPSC

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Pulse Polio Program 2019

The government has launched the Pulse Polio Programme 2019. Under the programme, polio drops would be administered to children less than five years of age.

Pulse Polio Program 2019

  • As part of the Pulse Polio Program 2019 more than 17 crore children of less than five years across the country will be administered polio drops.
  • The pulse polio programme conducted every year aims to protect children from the polio disease by conducting two nationwide mass polio vaccination campaigns and two to three sub-national campaigns each year.
  • The pulse polio programme 2019 is aimed at sustaining the polio eradication from the country. India was declared polio-free country in the year 2014.
  • India’s last reported cases of wild polio were in West Bengal and Gujarat on 13 January 2011.

Further to provide additional protection to children Government has also introduced the injectable Inactivated Polio Vaccine into its routine immunization program.

Polio

Polio also known as poliomyelitis is a highly contagious viral disease caused due to the attacks the nervous system and children younger than 5 years old are more likely to contract the virus than any other group.

Poliovirus usually spreads from person to person through infected faecal matter entering the mouth. Poliovirus also spreads by food or water containing human faeces and less commonly from infected saliva.

Month: Categories: NationalUPSC

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