West Bengal Current Affairs - 2019
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Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Bangladesh Sheikh Hasina jointly inaugurated the Petrapole Integrated Check Post (ICP).
It was inaugurated by both leaders through video-conferencing. Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee also had participated in the video-conference.
- Petrapole ICP is located in North 24 Parganas district of West Bengal. Petrapole is the Indian side of Petrapole-Benapole border checkpoint between India and Bangladesh.
- Its commissioning will foster greater economic integration and connectivity between India and Bangladesh.
- It is second ICP on India-Bangladesh border after Agartala ICP located at Agartala (India)-Akhaura (Bangladesh) land border.
- Petrapole ICP is the biggest land port in South Asia and the largest land customs station in Asia.
- Trade worth more than 15000 crore rupees takes place through the Petrapole ICP. This trade is more than all the other Indian Land Ports and Land Customs Stations put together.
- The Petrapole ICP will provide better facilities for efficient and effective discharge of functions such as security, customs, immigration, quarantine, etc.
- It will also provide support facilities for smooth cross-border movement of persons, goods and transport.
The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) has launched long-term monitoring studies project to document the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity in five Himalayan states.
These five Himalayan states are Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh.
- Under the project, ZSI will monitor indicators in species like butterflies, bees, fish and other insects to find how their distribution has been affected by climate change.
- The project has been funded by the Union Ministry for Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC). The duration of the project is for three years.
- To study the effect of climate change on animal biodiversity latest technologies such as GIS mapping and bioinformatics will be used.
- The collected data on the distribution of species will be compared with the old records available with ZSI. It will help to depict the impact of climate change on their survival.
About Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
- ZSI is the apex institution on animal (fauna) taxonomy in India.
- Established: 1 July 1916. 2016 is the centenary year of ZSI.
- Headquarter: It also has 16 regional centres located in different parts of the country.
- Objective: To promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in the Indian subcontinent. It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
- Functions under: Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It activities are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division of MoEFCC.
- It has been declared as the designated repository for the National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002
- Activities Undertaken: Study of the fauna of states, of conservation areas, of important ecosystems. Status survey of endangered species, fauna of India and ecological Studies & Environmental impact assessments.
- ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by IUCN.