Wetlands Current Affairs - 2019
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The Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI) and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) have signed an MoU to map, validate and protect smaller wetlands in the coastal region and restore them through coastal livelihood programmes.
Smaller wetlands (which were smaller than 2.25 hectares) cover an area of more than 5 lakh hectares across the country, with Kerala alone having as many as 2,592 such wetlands.
About the MoU
- As per the MoU, a mobile app and a centralised web portal with a complete database of wetlands in the country which were smaller than 2.25 hectares will be developed.
- The two institutes will identify and demarcate the wetlands and restore the degraded ones through suitable livelihood options such as coastal aquaculture.
- A mobile app will be used for real-time monitoring of the wetlands and giving advisories to the stakeholders and the coastal people.
- The collaboration is part of the national framework for fisheries and wetlands recently developed under the National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA).
- As per the agreement, National Wetland Atlas which has been already developed by the Space Applications Centre of ISRO will be updated with real-time data of physical, chemical and biological parameters of the wetlands to be provided by the CMFRI.
- The collaboration will aid in developing a comprehensive wetland information system which could facilitate the village-level wetland advisories to the local people by scientific communities.
The National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) is aimed at finding ways and means to mitigate the impact of climate change on marine fisheries and coastal region.
Tags: Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute • CMFRI • Indian Space Research Organisation • ISRO • Kerala • national framework for fisheries and wetlands • National Innovations in Climate Resilient Agriculture • National Wetland Atlas • Wetlands
The World Wetland Day (WWD) is observed every year on 2 February to raise awareness about the value of wetlands for humanity and the planet. This day marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands (also called as Ramsar Convention) in 1971 in the Iranian city of Ramsar on the shores of the Caspian Sea. The theme for year 2018 is “Wetlands for a Sustainable Urban Future“. The theme underlines the importance of wetlands and that the future of urban centres hinges on wetlands.
For first time, World Wetland Day was celebrated in year 1997. Since then it is observed every year to spread awareness about Ramsar Convention in particular for conservation of Wetlands. The theme for year 2017 Theme was “Wetlands for Disaster Risk Reduction”.
Wetlands are transitional lands between terrestrial and aquatic eco-systems where water table is usually at or near surface or land is covered by shallow water. It may be manmade or artificial. They support rich biodiversity and provide wide range of ecosystem services such as water storage, aquifer recharge, water purification, flood mitigation, erosion control, act as carbon sinks and others.
Ramsar Convention aim to raise public awareness on conservation, proper utilisation and management of wetlands and their resources. It also seeks to promote conservation and wise use of all wetlands through local, regional and national actions and international cooperation, as contribution towards achieving sustainable development throughout world.