WHO Current Affairs

34 per cent of Indians insufficiently active: Lancet Study

According to recent study published in Lancet Global Health journal, at least 34% of India’s population is insufficiently active. The levels of insufficient activity were higher among women at 48%, while prevalence was 22 %among men. The study was undertaken by researchers from World Health Organisation (WHO). It was based on self-reported activity levels, including activity at work and at home, for transport, and during leisure time in adults aged 18 years and older from 358 population-based surveys in 168 countries.

Key Findings of Study

Globally, more than 1.4 billion adults are at risk of diseases from not doing enough physical activity as around one in three women (32%) and one in four men (23%) do not do enough physical activity to stay healthy. Levels of insufficient physical activity are more than twice as high in high income countries compared with low income countries.

The highest rates of insufficient activity in 2016 were found in adults in Kuwait, American Samoa, Saudi Arabia and Iraq, where more than half of all adults were insufficiently active. Comparatively, around 40% of adults in United States, 36% in UK and 14% in China were insufficiently active. India was ranked 52nd (with 1 being the most inactive, and 168 being the most active) among 168 countries.

Insufficient physical activity puts people at greater risk of non-communicable diseases such as cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes, dementia, and some cancers. If current trends continue, 2025 global activity target of 10% relative reduction in insufficient physical activity will not be met.

Solutions

Cities needed to be more walk friendly and more opportunities for physical activity in public open spaces and parks in workplaces need to be created. The recommended levels of physical activity are at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity physical activity per week. It is also necessary to promote and improve women’s access to opportunities that are safe, affordable and culturally acceptable to address inequalities in physical activity levels between men and women. WHO Global Action Plan on Physical Activity (2018-30) provides selection of policy options targeting different settings and population groups that can be adapted and tailored to local contexts in all countries.

Month: Categories: International Current Affairs 2018

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S K Arora awarded WHO World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award

Delhi government’s additional director of health, SK Arora was awarded prestigious World Health Organization (WHO) World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award for his extraordinary contribution towards tobacco control. He was presented the award by Henk Bekedam, WHO India country head in New Delhi.

WHO World No Tobacco Day Award

It is awarded every year by WHO to individuals or organisations alike in each of six WHO regions for their accomplishments in the area of tobacco control. This awards includes WHO Director-General Special Recognition Awards, World No Tobacco Day Awards.  World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on 31 May. It is intended to encourage 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe.

Tobacco prevalence in Delhi

Delhi government’s health department for the past four years has been fighting against direct advertisement of brand promotion of tobacco and surrogate advertisement of tobaccos in name of pan masala and other eatables such as tea, ilaichi (cardamom).

National Health Policy (NHP) 2017 of Central Government has set targets of relative reduction in tobacco prevalence by: 15% by 2020, 30 % by 2025. Delhi has already achieved these targets before 2017. Tobacco prevalence in Delhi has come down by 6.5% in the past six years which is more than rest of India average figures.

According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey-2 (GATS 2) 2016-17, prevalence of tobacco use has reduced by 27% in Delhi as compared to 17% for the rest of India average. Similarly, current tobacco smokers in Delhi have reduced by 35% as compared to 23% for the rest of India average. The current gutkha users have also significantly reduced by 63% in Delhi as compared to rest of India average figures of just 17%. For cessation modalities also Delhi has performed much better than rest of India average figures.

Month: Categories: Awards Current Affairs 2018

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