WHO Current Affairs - 2020

Cabinet approves Pesticide Management Bill 2020

On February 12, 2020 the Union Cabinet approved to table the Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 in Parliament. The bill aims at making safe and effective pesticides for farmers. The main aim of the bill is to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

Key Features

The bill includes provisions to provide compensation when there is farm loss due to use of low-quality pesticides. The loss of farmers is to be paid using funds collected from the manufacturers. The information regarding the pesticides available in the market is to be made available in digital format. This will help farmers make the right choice.

Pesticides in India

Around 234 pesticides are used in India. Out of these 4 belongs to WHO’ Ia class pesticides, 15 belong to WHO Ib class pesticide. There are 76 pesticides that belong to WHO Class II pesticides. Also, only 40% of the pesticides used in the country are registered.

WHO classification

The WHO classifies pesticides based on the hazards created by them. They are as follows

  • Class Ia are extremely hazardous pesticides
  • Class Ib are highly hazardous pesticides
  • Class II are Moderately Hazardous pesticides
  • Class III are Slightly Hazardous pesticides

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Corona Virus Vaccine: UK starts testing on Mice; WHO says vaccine to be ready in 18 months

The scientists in UK have tested a new Corona Virus vaccine. The Shanghai University of China has also extracted a vaccine to treat the virus and has injected in to a mice recently.

The World Health Organization has also announced that the vaccine will be ready in 18 months. WHO recently named the virus as COVID-19.

Highlights

On February 10, 2020, WHO announced that the death toll of the corona virus has reached 1,000 and 99% of the deaths were from China. There are more than 43,000 cases in China currently.

About Corona Virus

The Corona Viruses are divided into 4 genera namely alpha, beta, gamma and delta. They are zoonotic. This means they can spread between animals and humans. Out of these, gamma and delta corona viruses generally infect birds. Alpha and Beta viruses reside in mammals.

Viruses are capable of infecting all forms of life. It includes plants, other micro organisms including bacteria, single celled organisms called archaea. The first virus was identified by Dmitri Ivanovsky in 1892. He described it as a non-bacterial pathogen.

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