WHO Current Affairs - 2020

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G20 Video Summit on Corona Virus

The Saudi Arabian King Salman is to chair the G20 summit on Corona Virus through a video conference. The Summit is to be held on March 26, 2020. The summit becomes significant as several international organizations are to participate in the summit.

India is a member of G20.

International Organizations

Several worldwide international organizations are to participate in the summit. It includes WHO (World Health Organization), FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), WTO (World Trade Organization), IMF (International Monetary Fund), ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations), Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Gulf Cooperation Council and NEPAD (New Partnership for Africa’s Development).

Significance

From India, PM Modi is to attend the summit. The leaders will strategize methodology to combat virus. The global growth for the year is negative according to IMF. The recession is to bring about the biggest financial crisis in history. G20 suggests “A Moment for Solidarity” in this situation. The finance ministers of G20 had already held a meeting under this theme virtually.

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What are the Bio-Safety Levels of Containment in India?

The National Centre for Disease Control provides four levels of Bio-Safety to be followed in India.

What is Bio-Safety?

Bio-Safety is the principle used to contain the spread of pathogens and toxins. This is not for the safety of the institutions working with the pathogens. However, the safety levels are implemented to safeguard the public from being infected.

India follows Bio-Safety Levels as prescribed by the World Health Organization. The monitoring and implementing agency of these bio-safety levels is done by the National Centre for Disease control.

What are the Bio-Safety Levels?

There are four Bio-Safety levels. It includes

  • BSL-1 that are basic teaching laboratories.
  • BSL-2 offering diagnostic services
  • BSL-3 offers high containment special diagnostic services.
  • BSL-4 are those laboratories that handle dangerous pathogens.

The COVID-19 has been put under BSL-4 level.

The NCDC also provides guidelines for biomedical waster handlers, biomedical waste management, sterilization and disinfection procedures, biosafety cabinets, etc.

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