WHO Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Health Organization (WHO) has certified India as Yaws, Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus free country.
In this regard, WHO presented certificates to Union Health and Family Welfare Minister J P Nadda in New Delhi.
India was declared Neonatal and Maternal Tetanus free country in August 2015. Besides, it was also declared yaws-free in May 2016.
India was declared yaws-free after a team of WHO experts had found interruption of bacterial disease transmission in the country. India is the first country under the WHO neglected tropical diseases (NTD) roadmap, 2012 to eliminate Yaws.
Yaws: It is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the skin, cartilages and bones. It is caused by the spirochete bacterium Treponema pallidum pertenue. It spreads by direct contact with the fluid from a lesion of an infected person
For more details: WHO declares India Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Free
Recently released report of World Health Organization (WHO) has revealed that hot drinks (beverages) consumed at temperatures above 65 Celsius can cause esophageal cancer.
The report was based on the study conducted by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), part of the WHO.
- The conclusion comes after researchers discovered that the drinks are not carcinogenic, but actually the high temperatures at which they served causes cancer.
- For this study purpose IARC had analysed studies from Iran, China and South America where tea and coffee are often served at 70 Celsius or above.
- It was found that in developed countries, causes of esophageal cancer include smoking and alcohol, but it is more common in parts of the world where drinks are often consumed at very high temperatures.