WHO Current Affairs - 2019
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The report by the Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics & Policy (CDDEP) in the US has made the following observations about the healthcare system in India:
- India has a shortage of an estimated 600,000 doctors and 2 million nurses.
- Lack of properly trained staff to administer antibiotics is preventing patients from accessing life-saving drugs.
- Even when antibiotics are available, patients are often unable to afford them.
- Further unqualified doctors prescribing antibiotics in improper amounts to the patients can be harmful or expensive for them.
- About 65% of health expenditure is out-of-pocket in India.
- These outrageous health-related expenditures push some 57 million people into poverty every year. Even though the government has launched various initiatives to provide treatment to citizens for free or at nominal charges, India is yet to achieve its highest potential in terms of healthcare.
- There is one government doctor for every 10,189 people in India against the World Health Organisation’s (WHO) recommendation of having a ratio of 1:1,000 doctors to patients.
- The nurse to patient ratio is 1:483 which implies a shortage of two million nurses.
The report attributes the sorry state of health affairs to the low expenditure on healthcare by the government. Further, the report states that with the government increasing its healthcare budget and corporates coming forward to improve the healthcare scenario, the situation is slowly but surely changing. However, due to the lack of awareness among the citizens about various initiatives, there is still a long way to go for the combined effort to pay off the dividends of it.
The Air Pollution levels at the Indian cities are at an alarming level. Various Reports have time and again tried to shed light on the quantum of the problem.
Air Pollution and Indian Cities
- A Delhi based Environment Body claims that the Varanasi, Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Lok Sabha constituency, is ranked third on the WHO’s list of 15 most polluted cities and the situation is “deteriorating” as its MP has focused on beautification and infrastructure.
- In the ‘Political Leaders Position and Action on Air Quality in India 2014-2019’ report, released by Climate Trends Delhi is ranked sixth on the list. The report states that there has been “laziness” on part of its elected caretakers in tackling air pollution in the city.
- As per the World Health Organisation, (WHO) list of most polluted cities, 14 of the 15 most polluted cities in the world are in India of which four are in Uttar Pradesh.
- WHO report states that the Prime Minister’s parliamentary constituency Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh is witnessing a rise in the number of people suffering from allergies and respiratory problems due to a “lot” of construction in the city.
- Kanpur in Uttar Pradesh is the most polluted city in the world. Kanpur is ranked one on the list. Faridabad in Haryana has been ranked second and Varanasi has been ranked third.
- Gaya and Patna in Bihar are fourth and fifth on the list.
- Delhi has been ranked sixth and Uttar Pradesh capital Lucknow is ranked seventh.
- The report by climate trends claimed MPs of Lucknow and Kanpur — Home Minister Rajnath Singh and senior BJP leader Murli Manohar Joshi respectively — have mostly been silent on the issue of air pollution in their respective constituencies.
- Other cities in the WHO list of polluted cities are Agra, Muzaffarpur, Srinagar, Gurugram, Jaipur, Patiala and Jodhpur.
Air Quality Index
The Air Quality Index between 0 and 50 is considered “good”, 51 and 100 “satisfactory”, 101 and 200 “moderate”, 201 and 300 “poor”, 301 and 400 “very poor”, and 401 and 500 “severe”, as per pollution control authorities.
Tags: Agra • air pollution • Bihar • Climate Trends • Delhi • Faridabad • Gaya • Gurugram • Haryana • Jaipur • Jodhpur • Kanpur • Muzaffarpur • Patiala • Patna • Srinagar • Uttar Pradesh • Varanasi • WHO • World Health Organisation