WHO Current Affairs - 2020
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The World Health Organization recently launched a mega trial of four most promising corona virus treatments. The organization focuses on repurpose drugs that have already been approved to be safe rather than finding new compounds from the scratch.
What are the four trials?
The WHO is testing four most promising treatments to combat the virus. It includes
- Remdesivir, an anti-viral compound
- Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine, the Malarial medications
- Combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir, HIV drugs
- Interferon-beta along with the combination of Lopinavir and Ritonavir
The drug was found to treat E-Bola viral infections. The E-bola outbreak broke out in Congo. The drug has been proved that it inhibits other Corona Virus Stains called SARS and MERS.
Chloroquine and HydroxyCholoroquine
This combination that is used to treat Malaria is another method that is being put under trial to treat Corona Virus. These drugs are being prescribed in India currently for the asymptomatic persons that come in direct contact with the persons infected with the virus.
Lopinavir and Ritonavir
The drugs were invented in the US in 2000. They have shown great efficacy in persons infected with MERS virus.
Tags: Clinical trials • Corona Virus • COVID-19 • Malaria • MERS
The Scientists at the CSIR-IHBT (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research-Institute of Himalayan Bioresource Technology) has developed a new sanitizer without using chemicals.
The scientists have used active tea constituents, alcohol and have developed the sanitizer according to the guidelines of World Health Organization. Usually chemicals such as triclosan, parabens, phthalates and synthetic fragrance are used in the production of sanitizers. None of these chemicals have been used in producing the CSIR formulated sanitizer.
The CSIR-IHBT has transferred the technology to a private company for commercial production. The company signed an agreement with CSIR to market the product in major cities of India.
Why Hand Sanitizers in preventing Corona Virus?
The Corona Virus spreads from droplets of nose or mouth of an infected person. It transmits when the person coughs or sneezes. The sanitizers kill virus that gets stuck to hands accidentally. WHO recommends sanitizers that contain 60% to 70% alcohol.
The sanitizers get absorbed into the skin and stays for a while. Therefore, using a hand sanitizer frequently while traveling in public helps to stay away from COVID-19.
Tags: alcohol • Biomedical Research • Biotechnology • Corona Virus • COVID-19