WHO Current Affairs - 2019

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

Delhi no longer most polluted city in the world

As per recently released World Health Organisation’s (WHO) Urban Air Quality Database for 2016, Delhi is no longer most polluted in the world in terms of air quality.

The dirtiest air was recorded at Zabol City in Iran, which has annual PM2.5 measure of 217 due to months of dust storms in the summer.

WHO’s Urban Air Quality Database for 2016, was based on the annual average  of PM2.5 readings of 3000 cities in 100 countries.

Key highlights of Air Quality Database

  • Top 10 Cities (PM2.5): Iran’s Zabol (217), India’s Gwalior (176) and Allahabad (170), Saudi Arabia’s Riyadh (156) and Al Jubail (152), India’s Patna (149) and Raipur (144), Cameroon’s Bamenda (132), China’d Xingtai (128) and Baoding (126).
  • India Related Facts: India is home to four of the top seven cities in the world with the worst air pollution.
  • New Delhi ranked as the 11th worst city in the survey. It had an annual average PM2.5 measurement of 122.
  • Global Facts: More than 80% of people living in urban areas that monitor air pollution are exposed to air quality levels that exceed WHO limits.
  • People dwelling in low-income cities are the most impacted. In high-income countries, 56% of cities meet WHO air quality guidelines.
  • In case of low- and middle income countries, 98% of cities with more than 100000 inhabitants do not meet WHO air quality guidelines.

Month: Categories: Environment & BiodiversityPlaces in News

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25 April: World Malaria Day

World Malaria Day (WMD) is being observed annually on 25 April across the world to recognise the global efforts to control preventable vector borne disease malaria.

It also seeks to highlight the need for continued investment and sustained political commitment for elimination and control of malaria.

2016 Theme:End Malaria For Good”. It reflects the vision of a malaria-free world set out in the Global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030.

The strategy was adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2015. It aims to dramatically lower the global malaria burden over the next 15 years and is aligned with the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

Goals of the strategy are: (i) Reduce rate of new malaria cases by at least 90% (ii) Reduce malaria death rates by at least 90% (iii) Eliminate malaria in at least 35 countries (iv) Prevent a resurgence of malaria in all countries that are malaria-free.

Background

  • The World Malaria Day was established by the 60th session of the World Health Assembly, a decision-making body of World Health Organization (WHO) in May 2007.
  • It was established to provide understanding and education of malaria and also spread information on year-long intensified implementation of national malaria-control strategies.
  • It is one of eight official global public health campaigns currently marked by the WHO.

Note: Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease most commonly transmitted by an infected female Anopheles mosquito. It caused by parasitic protozoans (a group of single-celled microorganisms) belonging to the Plasmodium type.

Month: Categories: Governance & PoliticsInternational

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