WHO Current Affairs - 2019
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Delhi government’s additional director of health, SK Arora was awarded prestigious World Health Organization (WHO) World No Tobacco Day 2017 Award for his extraordinary contribution towards tobacco control. He was presented the award by Henk Bekedam, WHO India country head in New Delhi.
WHO World No Tobacco Day Award
It is awarded every year by WHO to individuals or organisations alike in each of six WHO regions for their accomplishments in the area of tobacco control. This awards includes WHO Director-General Special Recognition Awards, World No Tobacco Day Awards. World No Tobacco Day is observed around the world every year on 31 May. It is intended to encourage 24-hour period of abstinence from all forms of tobacco consumption around the globe.
Tobacco prevalence in Delhi
Delhi government’s health department for the past four years has been fighting against direct advertisement of brand promotion of tobacco and surrogate advertisement of tobaccos in name of pan masala and other eatables such as tea, ilaichi (cardamom).
National Health Policy (NHP) 2017 of Central Government has set targets of relative reduction in tobacco prevalence by: 15% by 2020, 30 % by 2025. Delhi has already achieved these targets before 2017. Tobacco prevalence in Delhi has come down by 6.5% in the past six years which is more than rest of India average figures.
According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey-2 (GATS 2) 2016-17, prevalence of tobacco use has reduced by 27% in Delhi as compared to 17% for the rest of India average. Similarly, current tobacco smokers in Delhi have reduced by 35% as compared to 23% for the rest of India average. The current gutkha users have also significantly reduced by 63% in Delhi as compared to rest of India average figures of just 17%. For cessation modalities also Delhi has performed much better than rest of India average figures.
The World Hepatitis Day is being observed every year on July 28 around the globe to spread awareness about viral hepatitis. Observance of the day seeks to encourage diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Hepatitis. It also seeks to provide single global platform to raise awareness about hepatitis and influence real change in disease prevention, testing and treatment. The theme for World Hepatitis Day 2018 is “Test. Treat. Hepatitis“.
The theme focuses on
- Support scale-up of hepatitis prevention, testing, treatment and care services, with specific focus on promoting WHO treatment and testing recommendations.
- Showcase best practices and promote universal health coverage of hepatitis services.
- Improve partnerships and funding in fight against viral hepatitis.
World Hepatitis Day
The day is being observed since 2010. It is one of the 8 official global public health campaigns marked by the World Health Organization (WHO). WHO had passed a resolution for observance of this day on viral hepatitis in May 2010 had passed, providing official endorsement to it. The date 28 July was chosen to mark the birth anniversary of Professor Baruch Blumberg who had discovered hepatitis B virus. He was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1976) for this discovery.
Hepatitis name has derived from Greek word ‘Hepar’ meaning liver and ‘itis’ meaning inflammation. Thus, it is medical condition in which inflammation occurs in liver cells and its complications vary with type of infection. It is mostly caused by group of viruses called hepatitis viruses. There are 5 types of hepatitis viz. A, B, C, D and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.
Viral hepatitis can either be hepatitis A/ E that spreads mainly through contaminated food and water or hepatitis B/C that spreads by body fluids, blood transfusions or even from mother to baby. Hepatitis B and C usually cause chronic hepatitis and can progress to liver cirrhosis (permanent liver damage). Hepatitis A and E usually cause acute self-limiting illness, which resolves over few weeks. It has no specific treatment, but to rely on good nutritious diet and rest. Hepatitis E can sometimes be dangerous, especially in pregnant women and may cause liver failure.