WHO Current Affairs - 2019

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Delhi eliminates Leprosy

India’s capital New Delhi has got rid of Leprosy as a public health problem, as the incidence rate of leprosy has declined from 4.5 cases per 10,000 of population in 2001 to 0.8 cases at present.
As per WHO guidelines, when the number of leprosy patients gets reduced to below 1 case per 10,000 populations, the disease is considered to have been eliminated as a public health problem.
Leprosy is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Mycobacterium leprae which affects mainly the skin and nerves. It takes 2 to 5 years for the symptoms to be visible as the disease progresses slowly.

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CDSCO passes WHO standards, expected to boost Indian vaccine exports

imageWHO (World Health Organization) has approved that India’s national  regulatory authority — Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation (CDSCO) — and its affiliated institutions meet the prescribed international benchmarks.

What does this move mean?

India, with 12 major manufacturing facilities, is a major vaccine producer and exporter of vaccine to nearly 150 countries.  Two-thirds of the vaccines produced in India are exported. Every second child in the world is vaccinated for measles using a vaccine produced in India.

WHO assessed India’s National Regulatory Authority (NRA) — the CDSCO — and its affiliated institutions against 7 important indicators and marketing authorization and licensing, post-marketing surveillance, including adverse events following immunization and so on.

  • Passing this teat means  that 12 private vaccine manufacturing units from India are eligible and retain the pre-qualification status for supplying vaccines to international bodies like the WHO, UNICEF and the World Bank.
  • WHO pre-qualification is a guarantee that a specific vaccine meets international standards of quality, safety and efficacy.
  • It is expected to boost investment in the pharmaceutical sector and increase exports, which touched $13 billion in 2011 and is expected to touch $26 billion in 2012.

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