WHO Current Affairs - 2020

Corona Virus: ICMR develops testing strategy; WHO shifts epicenter from China to Europe

On March 15, 2020, the Indian Council of Medical Research developed COVID-19 testing strategy for people infected with the virus. The Council has given a detailed explanation about the methodology to test the people.

Centres of Testing

The three main testing centres of Corona Virus are AIIMS, National Institute of Virology and National Centre for Disease control. Apart from these major centres, GoI has also built 50 new exclusive centres that are to test for the virus.

Epicenter shifted to Europe

The World Health Organization recently shifted the epicenter of Corona Virus from China to Europe. This is mainly because while rate of infections are being controlled in China, it is increasing exponentially in European Nations. Also, the number of deaths due to the virus in Europe is more than any other part of the world.

Update on the Virus

So far, more than 150,000 people have been infected with the virus. In India, the count has increased to 97.

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Spanish Flu: Predecessor Pandemic to Corona Virus

In 1918, the Spanish Flu caused global pandemic. It spread indiscriminately killing more than 50 million people. 10% of the patients infected with the virus died. It is considered as the deadliest pandemic in the world history.

Highlights

Though the disease was named Spanish Flu, it did not originate in Spain. It was Spain who actually discovered that the epidemic is because of a new strain of virus. And therefore, it was called Spanish Flu. Spanish Flu is said to have been originated from Northern China. The outbreak of Spanish Flu began during World War I. The virus affected the soldiers greatly.

What are the Phases of Pandemics?

The WHO (World Health Organization) has provided alert system for pandemics. There are 6 phases as provided by the organization. At the first phase, the virus affects animals in larger scale and does not affect humans. In second phase the animal flu virus begins its infections in humans. At the next phase the infections begin to occur in clusters. This is when mass gatherings are avoided, schools are shut down, etc. In stage 4, pandemic increases but its increase cannot be confirmed. It then begins to occur in more than one country. In the last stage, community level outbreaks begin.

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