Wildlife Protection Act 1972 Current Affairs - 2020

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South Asian Games: India leads with 214 medals

India has won 110 gold, 69 silver and 35 bronze at the South Asian Games, 2019. On the whole India won 214 medals. The event was held in Nepal.


In athletics, India won 49 medals that comprised of 23 gold, 20 silver and 6 bronze. India also won two gold and five silver medals in table tennis category. Different cities of Nepal are hosting the event namely Kathmandu, Pokhara and Janakpur.

This year Cricket has also been included after a gap of 8 years. Around 2,715 athletes participated in the event.

South Asian Games

The official mascot of the South Asian Games is a pair of Black bucks. Blackbucks is an endangered species that is found in the southern region of Nepal.

Black Bucks

The Black bucks are also known as Indian Antelope. It is extinct in Bangladesh. It is mainly found in India. The population of Blackbucks declined in 20th century due to excessive hunting, habitat degradation and deforestation. It has been introduced in Argentina and United States recently.

In India, hunting of Blackbucks is prohibited under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

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Odisha renews effort to revive Gharial population

Odisha has renewed its effort to revive population of gharials in their natural habitat by releasing 5 reptiles, fitted with radio transmitters, into Satkosia gorge of Mahanadi which is the southernmost limit of gharials’ home range in India.

About Gharial

Features: When compared to alligators and crocodiles, a gharial has a very long and narrow snout (instead of a broad snout). Also, male gharial has a distinctive boss at end of snout, which resembles an earthenware pot.

Habitat: They are a fresh-water crocodile. They live in deep fast-flowing rivers with high sand banks that they use for basking and building nests.

Gharial population is found only in India and Nepal.

India: Mahanadi River, Girwa River, Son River, Chambal River, Ken River, Ramganga River. In India major ‘breeding’ populations are confined to two Chambal and Girwa rivers only. However Chambal River supports largest population of Gharials in wild.

Nepal: Rapti-Narayani River

Worry: They once inhabited all major river systems of Indian Subcontinent, from Irrawaddy River in east to Indus River in west. Their total distribution is now limited to only 2% of their former range.

IUCN Red List-Critically Endangered

Threats: Being hunted for skins, trophies and indigenous medicine. Their eggs are also collected for consumption. Major reason is decrease of riverine habitat as dams, barrages, irrigation canals and artificial embankments were built; siltation and sand-mining changed river courses.

Conservation & Protection:

Species Listed in Schedule 1 under Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Project Crocodile: It began in 1975 intensive captive breeding and rearing program. It was undertaken by Government of India in collaboration with United Nations Development Fund (UNDF) & Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)  intensive captive breeding and rearing program.

Protected areas: National Chambal Sanctuary and Katerniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary.

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