William Shakespeare Current Affairs - 2020

April 23: English Language Day; Spanish Language Day

Every year, April 23 is celebrated as English Language Day. The Spanish Language Day is celebrated on the same day as well. English is one of the two working languages of the United Nations. The Day is also celebrated as World Book Day.


The Day is celebrated as English Language Day to observe both birth and death anniversary of William Shakespeare. The day is an initiative by the Department of Global Communications. Language Days are observed for each of the six official languages of the UN.

The six official languages of the United Nations are Arabic, English, Chinese, Spanish and Russian.

Other Language Days

The other official language days celebrated by the United Nations are as follows

  • December 18: Arabic Language Day
  • April 20: Chinese Language Day
  • April 23: English Language Day
  • June 6: Russian Language Day
  • March 20: French Language Day
  • April 23: Spanish Language Day.

Spanish Language Day

The Spanish Language Day was established by UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization)

April 23: World Book Day

Every year, World Book Day or International Day of Book or World Book and Copyrights Day is organised by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).


The World Book Day is being celebrated since 1995. The idea of World Book Day was given a writer Vicente Clavel Andres to celebrate World Book Day on the death anniversary of author Miguel de Cervantes.

Initially his birthdate October 7 was proposed. But as the death anniversaries of William Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega also falls on April 23, the later was selected.

However, in reality Shakespeare died 10 days after Cervantes. This was because when the legends lived, Spain used Gregorian calendar and England used Julian Calendar.

Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer. He was well known for the classic western literature “Don Quixote”. He lived in 17th century. He was a soldier, poet, novelist, tax collector and a playwright. He was forced to leave Spain and hence he worked as a cardinal in Rome.