WIPO Current Affairs - 2020

April 26: World Intellectual Property Day

Every year, the World Intellectual Property Day is marked on April 26 to encourage creativity and innovation. The day was established by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) in 2000. This year, the World Intellectual Property Day is being marked under the theme

Theme: Innovate for Green Future

Significance

The day is marked to celebrate inventors and creators working towards green future. They work towards fossil fuel-based alternatives.

History

The world Intellectual Property Day was first proposed by the Chinese Delegation of WIPO. It was approved by the United Nations General Assembly in 1999.

World Intellectual Property Organization

The WIPO is one of the 15 United Nations Specialized agencies. It was created to protect and promote intellectual property. Around 26 intellectual treaties are administered by WIPO. The headquarters of WIPO is located in Geneva, Switzerland.

What are Specialized Agencies of United Nations?

The Specialized Agencies are autonomous organizations of the United Nations that were created on behalf of the organization. These specialized agencies are authorized to carry out functions on behalf of the United Nations. They include

  • Food and Agriculture Organization, FAO
  • International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO
  • International Labour Organization, ILO
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development, IFAD
  • International Maritime Organization, IMO
  • International Telecommunication Union, ITU
  • UNESCO
  • World Bank
  • World Health Organization, WHO
  • World Meteorological Organization, WMO
  • World Tourism Organization, UNWTO
  • Universal Postal Union, UPU
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO
  • World Intellectual Property Organization
  • International Monetary Fund

What is Intellectual Property?

The Intellectual Property are creations that are related to artistic works, literary works, symbols, images and names used in commerce.

Patents granted by India up by 50% in 2017: WIPO

According to World Intellectual Property Indicators 2018 report released by United Nation’s World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), number of patents granted by India shot up by 50% in 2017.  The patents granted by India increased from 8,248 in 2016 to 12,387 in 2017, thus keeping up trend of steep increases.

Key Facts

Patents granted in 2017 in India were more than double 6,022 patents granted in 2015. Of the patents granted in 2017, 1,712 went to entities and individuals based in India, and 10,675 to foreigners. The steep increase in number was driven by patents granted to foreigners, which accounted for 85% of total increase. The number of patents given to domestic entities also has shown increasing trend.

In 2016, 1,115 went to domestic individuals or entities and 7,133 to foreigners and in 2015, 822 were granted to applicants in India and 5,200 to foreigners. Globally, 1.4 million patents were granted in 2017. China led world with 4,20,144 granted patents and was followed by US with 3,18,829.

World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO)

It is the global body for promotion and protection of intellectual property rights (IPR). It is one of the 15 specialized agencies of United Nations (UN). It was established in 1967 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. Its mandate is to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.

It encourages and provides assistance to all its 188 member countries in formulating national IPR policy however it does not dictate or prescribe any mandatory measures. India is a member of WIPO and party to several treaties administered by WIPO.