Women Empowerment Current Affairs - 2020

Category Wise PDF Compilations available at This Link

January 15: Indian Army Day

On January 15, 2020, India celebrated its 72nd Army Day. It is being celebrated every year to honour soldiers who sacrificed their lives for the country. The Army Day Parade was held at the Parade Ground in Delhi Cantonment as a part of the celebrations. It is important to remember such great soldiers as they serve with the motto “Service before Self”

Highlights

On January 15, the first General of Indian Army General K M Cariappa took charge in 1949. The transfer of power from British to India is being celebrated on the day in the form of parades. The power was transferred to Mr Cariappa from the last British General Bucher.

The parade was held at the Parade Ground of Delhi Cantonment. The Parade Ground was also named after him and is called Cariappa Ground. Gallantry awards were distributed on the occasion.

General Cariappa retired on January 14, 1953. His retirement day is being celebrated as Armed Forces Veterans Day every year

First Woman Officer

In 2020, Tania Sher Gill became the first woman Army Officer to lead the parade. She led an all-men contingent at the parade. She joined the army in 2017. In 2019, Captain Bhavna Kasturi became the first woman officer to lead an all men contingent during the Republic Day celebrations.

Nirbhaya funds: IP based video surveillance in railways & Fast Track Courts

The Indian Railways has enhanced security in major railway hubs by installing IP based video surveillance system. The surveillance has been installed in parking areas, entrance and exit platforms, waiting hall and over bridges.

Highlights

The surveillance system is to be installed in 983 stations at a budget of Rs 250 crores. The budget is being allocated from Nirbhaya funds. The surveillance is to be extended to other stations and coaches soon. The project implementation is to begin with south Western Railways.

Nirbhaya Funds

Nirbhaya fund was announced in the Union Budget 2013 by the then Finance minister P Chidambaram. Rs 1,000 crore had been allocated. The Ministry of Women and child Development prepares the scope and application of the fund. Ministry of Finance is responsible for the application of the fund.

For a long time, several entities complained that the fund was kept unutilized. Recently, the accused of Nirbhaya case were sentenced with death by the Delhi High Court.

Nirbhaya Fund usage so far

The GoI sanctioned Rs 1000 crores from the fund to implement women help desks in police stations. Also, anti-trafficking units are to be set up in all districts with the funds. A “Safe City Programme” was implemented at a cost of Rs 194.44 crores. SAECK (Sexual Assault Evidence Collection kits) were distributed with Nirbhaya funds. Sakhi centres (One Stop Centres) were set up through Nirbhaya fund under National Mission for Empowerment of women.

1023 Fast track Courts

On January 9, 2020, GoI has begun fast track special courts under Nirbhaya funds. The aim of the courts is to dispose pending cases registered under POCSO act and rape faster. Around 389 courts have been planned where the pendency of cases is more than 100.