Women Empowernment Current Affairs - 2019
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Women Entrepreneurs Platform: NITI Aayog signs SoI with Financial Institutions & Social Organisations
NITI Aayog’s Women Entrepreneurs Platform (WEP) has signed five separate Statement of Intent (SoIs) with Financial Institutions & Social Organisations to create opportunities and support women entrepreneurs. These organisations are Shri Mahila Sewa Sahakari Bank Limited, Indiabulls Housing Finance Limited, SREI Infrastructure Finance Limited, Sreemanta Sankar Mission and the Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA).
Women Entrepreneurs Platform (WEP)
WEP was launched by NITI Aayog on the occasion of International Women’s day (March 8, 2018). Its objective to b build vibrant ecosystem for women across country to help realise their entrepreneurial aspirations, scale-up innovative initiatives and chalk-out sustainable, long-term strategies for their businesses.
It also aims to power vibrant entrepreneurial ecosystem through an enabling network of industry collaborations, partnerships, mentors and peer-to-peer connect. It also seeks to address bottlenecks faced by both aspiring and established women entrepreneurs by streamlining information across government and private sector schemes and initiatives with informative, interactive website as a dedicated resource and knowledge base.
WEP aspires to substantially increase number of women entrepreneurs to create and empower dynamic new India by opening up avenues of growth and opportunity for women entrepreneurs. These aspirations of women entrepreneurs are manifested in three pillars on which WEP is built: Ichha Shakti: Motivating aspiring entrepreneurs to start their enterprise; Gyaan Shakti: Providing knowledge and ecosystem support to women entrepreneurs to help them foster entrepreneurship; Karma Shakti: Providing hands-on support to entrepreneurs in setting-up and scaling up businesses.
The WEP platform operates within broader framework of industry collaborations and partnerships, which cut across sectors in economy. It will provide unique services such as credit evaluation of women-led startups by CRISIL and potential equity investments through an Rs. 10 crore fund established by DICE Districts
The Union Government has expanded Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme from 161 districts to all 640 districts of the country. The initial focus of BBBP was limited to districts which were either below national average or were worse in their own states in terms of absolute values of Chid Sex Ratio (CSR).
As per data available in Health Management Information System (HMIS), there has been improvement in sex ratio at birth (SRB). The SRB which was 918 in 2014-15 has improved to 926 in 2016-17 as per HMIS data. The successful implementation of BBBP programme in states and districts has led government to decide to go Pan-India and expand the programme to all districts. However, looking at magnitude and criticality of problem and its spread across country, the expansion will take care that no district is left out of BBBP ambit.
Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP)
The scheme was launched by Prime Minister in January 2015 at Panipat, Haryana as comprehensive programme to address declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR) and related issues of empowerment of women over life-cycle continuum.
The specific objectives of scheme are preventing gender biased sex selective elimination, ensuring survival and protection of the girl child and ensuring education and participation of the girl child. Its focus is on awareness and advocacy campaign, multi-sectoral action enabling girls’ education and effective enforcement of Pre-Conception & Pre Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act.
The scheme is being implemented as a tri-ministerial, convergent effort of Union Ministries of Women and Child Development (WCD), Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and Human Resource Development (HRD). The Union Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) is nodal ministry for programme at central level.