Women Related Issues Current Affairs - 2020

CRPF for first time deploys women commandos for anti-Naxal operations

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) for the first time has deployed a team of women commandos in anti-Naxal operations in Jharkhand.

The 135 women commandos belonging to the 232 battalion’s Delta company have started carrying out anti-Naxal operations.

Key Facts

  • The women commandos are currently undertaking operations under the close supervision of CRPF’s 133 battalion in Naxal-infested forests on the outskirts of Ranchi near Khoonti area.
  • They will be equally capable of neutralising Naxals in par with men commandos. They are experts in carrying out all types of anti-Naxal operations and shall play important role in tackling women Naxals.
  • They have been trained in several case studies and carry out their operation in a perfect manner. They are also equipped with modern weapons and software to assist them in executing their plan.

About Central Reserve Police Force (CRFP)

  • CRPF is the largest central armed police force or paramilitary force in India. It functions under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).
  • Its primary role is to assist States/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency.
  • It was established in 1939, under Crown Representative’s Police but after independence it was made statutory after enactment of the CRPF Act, 1949.
  • At present, CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary force with 228 battalions and over three lakh personnel.

Union Government launches Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan

The Union Government launched Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan (PMSMA) to provide free health check-ups to pregnant women at government health centres and hospitals.

The Scheme was launched by Union Minister of Health and Family Welfare J P Nadda in New Delhi. It was announced by Prime Minister Narendra Modi during his monthly radio address Mann Ki Baat in June 2016.

Key Features

  • The national programme aims to provide pregnant ladies free ante-natal services (ANC) and required treatment for free on 9th of every month.
  • Objectives of the scheme are (i) Provide healthy life to the pregnant women. (ii) Lowering the maternity mortality rate. (iii) Making pregnant women aware of their health issues and diseases. (iv) Making sure safe delivery and healthy life of the baby.
  • The scheme is applicable only for the pregnant women in their pregnancy period of 3 to 6 months. It will provide all kinds of medical checkups completely free to pregnant women.
  • These checkups will take place at the medical centres, government and private hospitals and private clinics across the country.
  • These free of cost tests will include blood pressure, sugar level, weight, haemoglobin test, blood test and screening.
  • Women will be marked differently using different colour stickers based on their health problems so that doctors can easily detect the problem.
  • Different colour stickers will be Red Sticker for Serious patients, Blue Sticker for High blood pressure and Yellow Sticker for Other diseases.