Women Safety Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has launched Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in) to check objectionable online content. The portal will allow citizens to lodge complaints on objectionable online content related to child pornography, child sexual abuse material and sexually explicit material such as rape and gang rape.
Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children (CCPWC) portal
The portal will enable citizens to report complainants in without disclosing their identity. This will help victims, complainants and also help civil society organizations and responsible citizens to anonymously report complaints pertaining to objectionable online content involving women and children.
It also allows complainants to upload objectionable content and URL to assist in investigation by state Police. The complaints registered through this portal will be handled by police authorities of respective State/UTs. It also has other features such as report and track option allowing victim or complainant to track his/her report using his/her mobile number.
National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will proactively identify such objectionable content on receiving complainants and take up with intermediaries for its removal. For this NCRB has already been notified as Central Government nodal agency to issue notices under Section 79(3)b of Information Technology (IT) Act.
Foundation of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory was laid in the campus of Central Forensic Science Lab (CFSL), Chandigarh. It is India’s first advanced forensic lab dedicated for crimes related to women for timely deliver justice.
The advanced lab in par with international standards will contribute to address gap in forensic DNA analysis of pending sexual assault cases in the country. The lab has been set up as model forensic lab and will be replicated in other parts of the country.
5 more such advanced forensic labs will come up in Mumbai, Chennai, Guwahati, Pune and Bhopal in the next 3 months bringing total minimum annual handling capacity of labs to 50000 cases. The labs in Chennai and Mumbai will be set up with funds from Ministry of Women and Child Development (WCD) while remaining 3 labs would be set up with funds by Ministry of Home Affairs.
Units of Sakhi Suraksha Advanced DNA Forensic Laboratory
There are four units viz. sexual assault and homicide unit, paternity unit, human identification unit and mitochondrial unit. Apart from Homicide and Sexual Assault and Unit, other three units are interlinked. They will work to examine cases related to crime against women.
Paternity Unit: It will be help in solving cases related to criminal paternity, gender selection and child swapping in hospitals.
Human Identification Unit: It will play important role to solve cases of missing person or children.
Mitochondrial Unit: It will conduct mitochondrial DNA analysis in cases where regular Nuclear DNA analysis is not possible such as in case of highly degraded samples. It can also be used to better explore family relationships.
Forensic science plays vital role in the criminal justice delivery system by providing investigators with scientifically based evidence information through analysis of physical evidence. There has been increasing demand for better scientific analysis of physical evidence with increasing reports of crime against women such as sexual assault, foeticide, homicide etc. Even the scrutiny of difference judicial courts also demands more admissible, accurate and powerful forensic proof for human individualisation. At present there are 6 Central Forensic Science Labs (CFSLs) in Guwahati, Chandigarh, Kolkata, Hyderabad, Pune and Bhopal and one State Forensic Science Lab in each State/UT. These labs are responsible for conducting forensic analysis of all cases in country including sexual assault, criminal paternity and homicide.