Women’s Rights Current Affairs - 2020

PM Modi pays tribute to Savitribai Phule on her birthday

On January 3, 2020, PM Narendra Modi paid his tribute to the Indian Social Reformer Savitribai Phule. She was born on January 3, 1831.

Savitribai Phule

Savitribai is considered as the first female teacher of India. She played vital role in improving women rights in the country. She is also regarded as “Mother of Indian Feminism”. She along with her husband Jyotirao Phule founded the first India’s girls’ school in Pune in 1848.

She worked hard to abolish gender discrimination and caste discrimination. She was a prolific Marathi writer.

Some of her literary works include Bavan Kashi Subodh Ratnakar, Kavya Phule, Go Get Education.


Savitribai Phule set up “Balhatya Pratibandhak Griha”. That works to prevent female infanticides, killing of pregnant rape victims and widows. She along with her husband also founded Satyashodhak Samaj that supported inter-caste marriages.


A memorial was created for Phule by the Pune City Corporation in 1983. In 2015, The Union Government renamed University of Pune as Savitribai Phule Pune University. In 1998, a stamp was released in honor of Phule.

Born in lower caste, she is now considered as an icon along with Ambedkar and Annabhau Sathe.

International Women’s Day 2019

International Women’s Day 2019 is celebrated on 8th March every year to reflect on progress made, to call for change and to celebrate acts of courage and determination by ordinary women who have played an extraordinary role in the history of their countries and communities. International Women’s Day celebrates the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women.

International Women’s Day 2019

The theme of the International Women’s Day 2019 is “Think equal, build smart, innovate for change”. The theme focuses on innovative ways in which we can advance gender equality and the empowerment of women, particularly in the areas of social protection systems, access to public services and sustainable infrastructure.

Innovation and technology provide unprecedented opportunities. But trends indicate a growing gender digital divide. As a result, women are under-represented in the field of science, technology, engineering, mathematics and design.

This prevents Women from developing and influencing gender-responsive innovations to achieve transformative gains for society. From mobile banking to artificial intelligence and the internet of things, it is vital that women’s ideas and experiences equally influence the design and implementation of the innovations that shape our future societies. To bring focus on these challenges “Think equal, build smart, innovate for change” is chosen as the theme of the International Women’s Day 2019.

Genesis of the International Women’s Day

International Women’s Day (IWD) is being celebrated for well over a century, with the first IWD gathering in 1911 supported by over a million people in Austria, Denmark, Germany and Switzerland. Prior to 1911, the Socialist Party of America, the United Kingdom’s Suffragists and Suffragettes, and other groups campaigned for women’s equality.

The United Nations began celebrating International Women’s Day in the International Women’s Year, 1975. In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly invited member states to proclaim March 8 as the UN Day for women’s rights and world peace.