World Book and Copyright Day Current Affairs - 2020

April 23: World Book Day

Every year, World Book Day or International Day of Book or World Book and Copyrights Day is organised by United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

Highlights

The World Book Day is being celebrated since 1995. The idea of World Book Day was given a writer Vicente Clavel Andres to celebrate World Book Day on the death anniversary of author Miguel de Cervantes.

Initially his birthdate October 7 was proposed. But as the death anniversaries of William Shakespeare and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega also falls on April 23, the later was selected.

However, in reality Shakespeare died 10 days after Cervantes. This was because when the legends lived, Spain used Gregorian calendar and England used Julian Calendar.

Miguel de Cervantes

Miguel de Cervantes was a Spanish writer. He was well known for the classic western literature “Don Quixote”. He lived in 17th century. He was a soldier, poet, novelist, tax collector and a playwright. He was forced to leave Spain and hence he worked as a cardinal in Rome.

World Book Day 2019

23rd of April is observed as World Book by UNESCO and other related organisations every year. The city of Sharjah has been selected as the World Book Capital for the year 2019.

World Book Day 2019 is the 24th edition and the theme is centred around round celebrating literature and reading with a particular focus on enhancing and protecting indigenous languages. The theme is in line with the celebration of the International Year of the Indigenous Languages by the UN.

Genesis of the World Book Day

Often also called the World Book and Copyright Day, it aims to promote the joy of books and the art of reading. World Book Day recognises that books are a link between the past and the future, a bridge between cultures and generations.

UNESCO chose 23rd April for the World Book Day to pay tribute to great literary figures including William Shakespeare, Miguel Cervantes and Inca Garcilaso de la Vega who died on this day and was finalised in the year 1995 in the UNESCO General Conference, held in Paris.

Further UNESCO and organisations representing publishers, booksellers and libraries select World Book Capital for a year to maintain the celebrations of books and reading. For the year 2019, Sharjah, UAE has been declared as the World Book Capital. It will be preceded by Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in the year 2020.