World Breastfeeding Week Current Affairs - 2019
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Northeastern state of Manipur has topped rankings in Breastfeeding and Infant and Young Child Feeding Practices in India. The report card on Breastfeeding was released by Dr Harsh Vardhan, Union Health and Family Welfare Minister. Union Heath Minister also appealed influential personality on social media to spread message of benefits of breastfeeding to masses.
Key Highlights of Report Card
Low Performing State in country: Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar secured bottom positions in report card. Delhi, National capital of India is also among worst-performing States.
Breastfeeding report card has been developed by devising a composite score based on 3 indicators–
- Early initiation of breastfeeding
- Exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months
- Complimentary feeding at 6-8 months of child’s age
Facts about Breastfeeding, Infant & Young Child Feeding Practices
As per Convention on the Rights of the Child, every infant and child has right to good nutrition.
World Health Organisation (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding for 1st 6 months and breastfeeding with home-made food for minimum 2 years.
Undernutrition is associated with 45% of child deaths.
In 2016, 155 million children under 5 year of age were estimated to be stunted (too short for age), 52 million were estimated to be wasted (too thin for height), and 41 million were overweight (or obese), globally.
Nearly 40% of infants 0–6 months old are exclusively breastfed.
Globally, few children receive nutritionally adequate and safe complementary foods.
In many countries less than a fourth (25%) of infants 6–23 months of age meet criteria of dietary diversity and feeding frequency that are appropriate for their age.
Every year more than 820000 children’s lives could be saved among children under 5 years, if all children 0–23 months were optimally breastfed.
Breastfeeding improves IQ, school attendance and is also associated with higher income in adult life.
Breastfeeding not only saves child from being malnourished but also saves mother from breast cancer and ovarian cancer.
Tags: Breastfeeding • Breastfeeding Infant & Young Child Feeding Practices • Convention on the Rights of the Child • Manipur • Report card on Breastfeeding
World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is being observed throughout world from 1-7 August 2019 in more than 120 countries with theme– Empower Parents, Enable Breastfeeding. Focus of this year is on protection, promotion, and support of breastfeeding.
World Breastfeeding Week (WBW)
Background: WBW was first inaugurated in 1991 and was 1st celebrated in 1992 by World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA).
As of 2019 it is now observed in over 120 countries by United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), World Health Organization (WHO) and their partners including individuals, organizations, and governments. WABA was established on 1991 with goal to re-establish a global breastfeeding culture and provide support for breastfeeding everywhere.
To encourage parents to adopt breastfeeding
To create awareness among parents about breastfeeding
To create awareness about importance of initiation and exclusive breastfeeding, and adequate and appropriate complementary feeding
To provide advocacy material about importance of breastfeeding
Celebrations in India
This year Food and Nutrition Board under Union Ministry of Women and Child Development, is organizing a number of activities to celebrate WBW with focus on protection, promotion, and support of breastfeeding.
Activities: such as Annaprashan Ceremony of babies at anganwadi centres by collecting beneficiaries from adjoining anganwadi centres and Quiz competition on Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) are being conducted in 30 States and Union Territories (UT’s) through 43 Community Food and Nutrition Extension Units of Food and Nutrition Board. Conference for lactating mothers and anganwadi workers are also being organized to create awareness about importance of breastfeeding.
This involves participation from State functionaries of Health Department, Home Science Colleges, Medical Institutes, Universities, Non-Governmental Organisation (NGOs) and other stakeholders.
Exhibitions will also be organized at grassroots level on nutrition, displaying low cost nutritious diets for infants and young children.
Awareness generation programmes on-
Healthy eating, importance of maintaining hygiene and sanitation will be held for pregnant and lactating mothers at village level through dance and drama, puppet shows, skits, films, slide shows, AV Spots and rallies.
Why is Breastfeeding important?
It promotes better health for both mothers as well as children.
It prevents infections such as diarrhoea and acute respiratory infections in early infancy and thus help in reducing infant mortality.
It decreases risk of mothers developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer, type 2 diabetes, and heart disease.
It protects infants from obesity-related illnesses, diabetes and increases IQ.
The important nutrition intervention through observance of week-long celebration of Breastfeeding will help in breaking vicious cycle of malnutrition and aid Government to achieve National Nutrition Goals and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2030. As per World Health Organisation (WHO), increasing breastfeeding to near-international levels will help in saving more than 8 lakh lives every year, majority of it being children under 6 months.