World Happiness Report Current Affairs - 2019
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The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network has released the World Happiness Report 2019. The report ranks countries on six key variables that support well-being: income, freedom, trust, healthy life expectancy, social support and generosity.
The United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network ranks the world’s 156 countries on “how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be”.
Findings of the Report
- Finland topped the index of for the second year in a row and the report notes that Finland has succeeded in generating recipe that’s not dependent on economic wealth.
- Finland is followed by Denmark, Norway, Iceland and The Netherlands.
- The report notes that there has been an increase in negative emotions, including worry, sadness and anger across the world and the overall world happiness has fallen over the past few years.
- None of the world’s major economic powerhouses made it to the top 10.
- The United Kingdom stood at a rank of 15 (from 18 last year), Germany went down from the 15th spot to the 17th and the United States dropped from the 18th to the 19th.
- Japan, Russia and China finished at 58 (down from 54th), 68 (down from 59th ) and 93rd place (down from 86th) respectively.
- India has witnessed a sustained drop with a 140th place this year compared with the 133rd place in 2018.
- India featured in the list of five countries that had the largest drop since 2005-2008 in the index, along with Yemen, Syria, Botswana and Venezuela.
The World Happiness Report offers the world’s governments and individuals the opportunity to rethink public policies and individual life choices, to raise happiness and well-being.
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India ranked at 122 out of 155 countries in the World Happiness Report 2017 published by the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network on the eve of International Day of Happiness (20 March).
The rankings are based factors such as inequality, life expectancy, GDP per capita, public trust (i.e. a lack of corruption in government and business), and social support. Together they are used to generate a happiness score of country on a scale from 1 to 10.This year it is fifth such report since the first was published in 2012.
Key Highlights of report
- 10 Happiest Countries: Norway (1), Denmark (2), Iceland (3), Switzerland (4), Finland (5), Netherlands (6), Canada (7), New Zealand (8), Australia (9) and Sweden (10).
- 5 Saddest Countries: Rwanda (151), Syria (152), Tanzania (153), Burundi (154) and Central African Republic (155).
- The entire top ten were wealthier developed nations. But the report mentioned that money is not the only ingredient in the recipe for happiness. Countries in sub-Saharan Africa and those hit by conflict were ranked lower.
- India was placed behind the majority of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) nations, apart from war-ravaged Afghanistan (141). In the previous edition of the report, India ranked 118.
- Eight SAARC nations: Pakistan (80), Nepal (99), Bhutan (97), Bangladesh (110) and Sri Lanka (120). Maldives did not figure in the report.
- BRICS Countries: Brazil (17), Russia (56), China (79), South Africa (116) and India (122).