World Health Organization Current Affairs - 2019
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The World Health Organization (WHO) has partnered with International Food and Beverage Alliance (IFBA) to achieve its target under ‘REPLACE Strategy’ of eliminating Trans-fat from industrially produced global food supply by 2023.
- As per WHO, Trans-fat (worst form of fat in food) is responsible for more than 5,00,000 deaths each year from coronary heart disease globally.
- Therefore, eliminating Trans Fat from food supply by 2023, is one of the most effective and simplest ways to save lives and simultaneously creating a healthier food supply.
- IFBA members ensured that they will not exceed trans-fat’s industrial limit of 2 gram per 100 g fat/oil in their products globally by 2023.
About Trans Fat
- It is also called trans fatty acids or trans-unsaturated fatty acids, are a type of unsaturated fat.
- Types: two types of trans-fats found in foods, namely
- Naturally-occurring: These are produced in gut of some animals. Animal foods (e.g., milk and meat products) may contain small quantities of these fats.
- Artificial: These are created in industrial process by adding hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. Food containing Trans-fat include margarine and ghee, snack, baked, fried foods etc.
- It is widely used in Food Industry as they are easy to use, inexpensive to produce and last a long time.
- Impact on health: They not only raises bad cholesterol (LDL) levels but also lowers good cholesterol (HDL) levels. Thus increases risk of developing coronary heart disease and stroke. It also make prone to higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
- In 2003 Denmark became first country to mandate restrictions on industrially-produced trans-fats in food products. It resulted in decline in deaths due to cardiovascular disease more quickly than in comparison to OECD countries. The move was then followed by some high-income countries.
- In May 2018, WHO released ‘REPLACE’ strategy which provides six strategic actions to ensure the quick and complete elimination of industrially-produced trans fats from the food supply by 2023.
- To ensure that benefits are felt equally around the world, action is needed in low and middle-income countries, where controls of use of industrially produced trans-fats are often weaker.
- It seeks to encourage complete and sustained elimination of industrially produced trans-fats from food supply by 2023.
- REPLACE is an abbreviation for WHO’s six strategic actions as:
- Review (dietary sources of industrially-produced trans fats),
- Promote (replacement of industrially-produced trans fats with healthier fats,
- Legislate (enact regulatory actions to eliminate industrially-produced trans fats),
- Assess (trans fats content in the food supply),
- Create awareness (about negative health impact of trans fats) and
- Enforce (compliance of policies and regulations).
Way Forward for India
On a global scale India has high number of coronary heart disease cases therefore it must try to beat this 2023 deadline and must try to achieve goal earlier.
The Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019 was awarded to author Rana Dasgupta for his 2010 novel “Solo” which is a tale of estrangement and the ultimate failure of material existence. It is the second edition of the Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize.
Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize aims to revive poetry and books that can change lives. An amount of $10,000, a Tagore statue and a certificate for contribution to literature will be given to the awardee. Indian Poets, novelists and Playwrights writing in officially recognized languages or dialects of the Indian subcontinent, including English.
Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize for social achievement was awarded to Yohei Sasakawa, the World Health Organization Goodwill Ambassador for Leprosy Elimination, for “his incredible efforts to uproot leprosy and great contribution to world peace”.
Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen was awarded as a beacon of democracy”, the organisers said.
Rabindranath Tagore Awards
TagorePrize is founded and launched with a strong vision to be a platform and a vehicle for improving and inspiring World Peace, Literature, Art and Education. The prizes promotes the culture and beauty of literature just as Rabindranath Tagore had taught us to, but also, the culture and society of tolerance, harmony and non – discrimination.
Tags: Goodwill Ambassador • Leprosy Elimination • Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize • Rabindranath Tagore Literary Prize 2019 • Rana Dasgupta • Solo • Taiwan • World Health Organization • Yohei Sasakawa