World Heritage Day Current Affairs - 2020

April 18: World Heritage Day

Every year April 18 is observed as the World Heritage Day. The day is also celebrated as the International Day of Monuments and sites.


The World Heritage Day is celebrated to create awareness about diversity, heritage and vulnerability of the monuments and heritage sites. The World Heritage sites are defined as man-made areas or natural areas that hold international importance and requires special protection.


This year the World Heritage Day, 2020 is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Shared Culture, Shared heritage and Shared responsibility

The theme focuses on the current COVID-19 crisis. The theme aims to increase global unity to fight against the outbreak


In India, five Delhi monuments are to be illuminated to celebrate World Heritage Day. These five monuments include Humayun’s Tomb, Qutub Minar, Safdarjung’s Tomb, Red Fort and Purana Qila. These sites are to be illuminated by Archaeological Survey of India.


The International Council on Monuments and Sites in 1982 announced April 18 as World Heritage Day. It was approved by the UNESCO in 1983. The organization was established based on the principles of Venice Charter framed in 1964.

World Heritage Day 2019

April 18 was observed as the World Heritage Day 2019 with the theme Rural Landscapes. The theme Rural Landscapes is related to the theme of the 2019 International Council on Monuments and Sites (ICOMOS) Scientific Symposium on Rural heritage to be held at Marrakesh, Morocco in October.

World Heritage Site

UNESCO defines a World Heritage Site as a “natural or man-made area or a structure that is of international importance, and space which requires special protection.”

Genesis of the World Heritage Day

On 18 April 1982 on the occasion of a symposium organised by ICOMOS in Tunisia, it was suggested to observe the “International Day for Monuments and Sites” simultaneously throughout the world.

UNESCO passed a resolution at its 22nd session on November 1983 approving the idea and recommended the member states to examine the possibility of declaring 18 April each year “International Monuments and Sites Day”. This has been referred to as the World Heritage Day.

World Heritage Day offers an opportunity to raise the public’s awareness about the diversity of cultural heritage and the efforts that are required to protect and conserve it, as well as draw attention to its vulnerability.