World Heritage Sites Current Affairs - 2020

Pink City-Jaipur receives World Heritage Certificate from UNESCO

On February 5, 2020, the Pink City of Rajasthan, Jaipur, received World Heritage Certificate from the UNESCO. The UNESCO Director General Audrey Azoulay visited India to present the certificate.

Highlights

The World Heritage Certificate was presented to Jaipur for the efforts of the people of the pink city towards preserving its cultural heritage. Jaipur’s Parkota has been listed in the World Heritage sites of UNESCO.

Intelligence Heritage Promotion Project

The Project is being implemented by UNESCO in 10 cities of Rajasthan, It includes Barmer, Jodhpur, Bikaner, Jaisalmer, etc.

Why Jaipur?

Jaipur is known for its palaces, architecture, forts. The architecture in the city reflected inclusion of Mughal, Persian and Hindu designs. In order to preserve this cultural mixture of the city, UNESCO and the Rajasthan Tourism Department have signed an agreement.

Selection Criteria

The World Heritage Sites are selected on the basis of four natural criteria and six cultural criteria. They are as follows

  • The site should represent human creativity
  • It should reflect interchange of human values.
  • It should bear unique testimony to cultural tradition
  • An example for a particular type of architecture
  • An example for human settlement, their sea-use and land-use
  • It should represent biological or ecological evolution
  • An example to represent major stages of earth’s history.
  • To exhibit natural beauty
  • It should b e directly related to the traditions of living people

NDRF: New unit to save heritage structures

The National Disaster Response Force is to establish a specialized unit for heritage structures.

Highlights

  • The specialized unit is to be established in every battalion of the NDRF.
  • It will help preserve monuments and heritage structures that are damaged and battered by natural disasters.
  • It will also hold the responsibility of rescue and restoration of the structure.

About the Unit

The plan is to form set of personnel in each battalion of NDRF. They will become trained professionals on preserving heritage structures in pre and post disaster scenario.

Strategies of UNESCO: To preserve disaster prone Heritages

UNESCO believes that the Earthquake that occurred in Kathmandu in 2015 and the fire at the Royal Palaces of Abomey, Benin are best examples of vulnerability of cultural heritages. In order to preserve them from disasters, the following initiatives were taken by UNESCO

  • In 2002, the Budapest Declaration was signed on World Heritage. According to the Declaration it is the responsibility of the “World Heritage Committee” to make sure the properties under World Heritage List are passed on to generations of the future as their rightful inheritance
  • The United Nations General Assembly adopted the “Strategy for Risk Reduction at World Heritage Properties” in 2007. It is being implemented by the World Heritage Committee
  • The “Sendai Framework” includes several references to culture and heritage under its “Disaster Risk Reduction” framework