World Hindi Day Current Affairs - 2019
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Every year 10th January is celebrated as World Hindi Day to create awareness about the language of Hindi across the World and to present Hindi as an international language.
Why 10th January?
The first world World Hindi Conference was organized in Nagpur on January 10, 1975. The conference saw representation from 30 countries. To commemorate the occasion, the government of India since 2006 is celebrating 10th January as World Hindi Day.
How it is different from Hindi Divas?
Every year Hindi Divas is celebrated on September 14th because it was the day Hindi was recognised as an official language. On 14 September 1949, the constituent assembly adopted Hindi written in Devanagari script as the Official Language of the Union.
While the World Hindi Day is aimed at the promotion of the Hindi language at the global stage, the Hindi Divas is being observed across the country at the national level.
Constitutional Provisions for the Promotion of Hindi
Hindi is the fourth most spoken language of the world. Various constitutional provisions like Article 120, Article 210, Article 343, Article 344 and Articles from 348 to 351 are aimed at the promotion of Hindi.
The World Hindi Day is observed annually on 10 January. On this occasion, Union Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) has conducted special events to spread the greatness of the language through its missions abroad. Besides, the Department of Official Language (Rajbhasha) also organises several events to mark this day.
- The World Hindi Day was first observed on 10 January 2006. It is in addition to present National Hindi Divas which is being observed annually on 14 September.
- It should be noted that World Hindi Day is the promotion of the language at the global stage. Whereas, National Hindi Divas is being observed across the country at national level.
- The National Hindi Divas is observed to mark adaptation of Hindi written in Devanagari script as the Official Language of the Union by the Constituent Assembly on 14 September 1949.
Hindi is the fourth most spoken language of the world. It is mother tongue of around 258 million people across the world. The provision of Hindi as official Language of the Union has been mentioned in Article 120, Article 210 and Article 343, 344 and from 348 to 351. The Pacific island country, Fiji also has adopted Hindi as an official language.