World Record Current Affairs - 2019
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The Kaiga Atomic Power Station of Karnataka has created a new world record, with one of its units functioning continuously without any interruption for more than 940 days. The previous world record was held by Unit 2 of Heysham of the United Kingdom. It operated without any interruption for 940 days.
About Kaiga Atomic Power Station:
- Kaiga Atomic Power Station is a nuclear power generating station located at Kaiga in Karnataka, India.
- It is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India.
- The power plant has been functioning since March 2000.
- The Kaiga power plant has four units of 220 MW each.
- The total power generating capacity of Kaiga power plant is 880 MW
- It is the third largest nuclear power plant in India. Tarapur (1400 MW) of Maharashtra is the largest and Rawatbhata (1180 MW) of Rajatshan is the second largest power plant in India.
- It supplies electricity to Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Puducherry.
The same unit of Kiaga Power plant had set a world record in October 2018 when it functioned non-stop for 894 days. The record set by Kaiga power plant is a record for all kinds of units in the world which generate nuclear power, including advanced gas-based reactors.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is planning to set a new world record in space history by launching 103 satellites in one go on a single rocket in the first week of February, 2017.
These satellites will be launched on board of ISRO’s workhorse PSLV (C37) from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. The mission will carry three satellites from India and rest from other countries.
How these satellites will be placed in orbit?
- The satellites will be separated from vehicle in different directions, once launch vehicle reaches the orbital condition. The separation angle and time of separation will be different for every satellite.
- The separated satellites will have relative velocity of one metre per second. So after 1,000 seconds distance between satellite and rocket will be 1,000 metres. It will ensure that satellite will not collide with another.
- The first satellite launched will move at relatively faster velocity than the next satellite. Due to different relative velocities, distance between the satellites will increase continuously but the orbit will remain same.
The present record of highest number of satellites launched in a single mission has been 37 by Russia in 2014. NASA has launched 29 satellites in one go in 2013. In June 2016, ISRO had launched 20 satellites in one go.