World Toilet Day Current Affairs - 2020

November 19: World Toilet Day

World Toilet Day is marked by the United Nations and its sister organizations every year on November 19 since 2013. In July 2013, the United Nations passed a resolution to mark the event by its member nations. The objective is to bring behavioural changes and implementation of policies that will end open defecation and increase access to sanitation among poor.

As human waste spreads diseases, it is essential to use toilets. This year their importance is spread under the theme

Theme: Leaving No One Behind

Need

  • More than half of the global population are living without good sanitation
  • 673 million people still follow open defecation world wide
  • 297,000 children under five die each year of diarrheal problems that are caused due to unsafe drinking water, hand hygiene and sanitation
  • Developing Countries are losing 5% of their GDP due to sanitation-related diseases

Sustainable Development Goals

The day helps in achieving the SDG 6 that promises sanitation for all by 2030. The SDG 6 Ensures Clean Water and Sanitation for all. Improvement in sanitation facilities are predominantly required in Central Asia, South-East Asia, East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Southern Asia.

Sulabh International introduces India’s first sewer cleaning machine to end unsafe manual scavenging

Sulabh International has introduced India’s first sewer cleaning machine to reduce sewer deaths and put end to unsafe practice of manual scavenging. The machine was unveiled on occasion of World Toilet Day 2018 (observed on 19 November) by mayors of all three Municipal Corporations of Delhi (MCD) in the presence founder of Sulabh International Bindeshwar Pathak.

Sulabh sewer cleaning machine

The machine will do away with 99% of manual scavenging in the country. With help of it manual cleaner (safai karamchari) does not have to enter sewers. But if need arises and person has to go, then machine is fully equipped with gas checking machine, protective gears and dress to protect workers from harmful gases.

It is electro-hydraulically operated, with personal protective devices and quick-view pipe inspection camera which extends up to 20 feet. The quick-view pipe view camera is designed to felicitate inspection of sewer, manholes, tunnels, tanks, mainline and other lateral pipeline facilities with outstanding zoom function (industrial HD camera), scalable carbon fibre rods and sunlight presentable controller.

The new machine which costs Rs. 43 lakh is ideal for periodic mechanical desilting of manholes and to flush out sewer lines using powerful jetting pump capable of producing 150 bar operating pressure and flow of 150 litres per minute. It is also capable of de-choking sewer lines using specially designed flexible steel rods. The machine will ensure that no safai karamchari dies inside the sewer and will bring huge relief to manual scavengers.

Sulabh International

It is social service organization that works to promote human rights, environmental sanitation, non-conventional sources of energy, waste management and social reforms through education. It is largest nonprofit organization in India. It was founded by social activists Bindeshwar Pathak in 1970.