World Tuberculosis Day Current Affairs - 2020

July 28: World Hepatitis Day

Every year, World Hepatitis Day is marked by the World Health Organization and various other organizations all over the world. The day is marked to encourage actions, partners and public for greater response towards controlling Hepatitis. This year, the World Hepatitis Day is marked on the following theme

Theme: Hepatitis-Free Future

Why July 28?

July 28 was chosen as it is the birthday of Nobel Prize winner Dr Baruch Blumberg. The scientist discovered Hepatitis B virus. He also developed a diagnostic test to identify the virus. Also, the Nobel Prize laurel also developed a vaccine to treat the virus.

Objective

The World Hepatitis Day is marked to raise awareness of different forms of hepatitis. It strengthens prevention, screening and control of viral hepatitis. The day aims to increase Hepatitis Vaccine Coverage.

About Hepatitis Virus

There are five main strains of Hepatitis Virus namely A, B, C, D and E. The Hepatitis B and C are the most common strains causing deaths. Around 1.3 million lives are lost because of these two strains every year according to WHO.

Background

World Hepatitis Day is one of the eight major Global Public Health campaigns marked by WHO. The other 7 campaigns are as follows

  • World Health Day
  • World Blood Donor Day
  • World Immunization Week
  • World Tuberculosis Day
  • World No Tobacco Day
  • World Malaria Day
  • World AIDS Day

June 14: World Blood Donor Day

Every year, World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on June 14. The day is celebrated to thank voluntary blood donors and also raise awareness about the need for regular blood donations. This year the World Blood Donor Day is celebrated under the theme

Theme: Safe Blood Saves Lives

Highlights

The World Blood Donor Day event was established in 2004. It is one of the eight official campaigns that are marked by the World Health Organization. The campaigns are as follows

  • World Tuberculosis Day
  • World Health Day
  • World Malaria Day
  • World No Tobacco Day
  • World AIDS Day
  • World Hepatitis Day
  • World Immunization Week

Significance

Transfusion of blood is important to help save million of lives every year. It supports surgical procedures and also plays an essential life-saving role in perinatal and maternal care.

Why on June 14?

World Blood Donor Day is celebrated on June 14 to commemorate the birth anniversary of Karl Landsteiner. Karl won Nobel prize for discovering ABO blood group.