Yemen Current Affairs

Operation NISTAR: Indian Navy successfully evacuates 38 Indian Nationals from Yemen

Indian Naval Ship (INS) Sunayana successfully evacuated 38 Indian Nationals after it entered Porbandar harbour in Gujarat. They were rescued from cyclone-hit Socotra island in Yemen under swift Humanitarian and Disaster Relief Operation (HADR) code named Operation NISTAR.

Background

Indian Nationals were stranded for nearly 10 days after severe cyclonic storm Mekunu devastated area around Socotra Island. Indian Navy deployed INS Sunayna from Gulf of Aden to Socotra Island for search and rescue operations after it received distress call from Directorate General of Shipping and Indian Sailing Vessels Association. The 38 Indian nationals were safely embarked onboard ship after they were successfully rescued and evacuated. They were provided with medical care, food, water and telephone facilities. INS Sunayana also undertook intensive surface search and aerial reconnaissance of area to look for any more survivors.

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Tropical Cyclone Chapala hits Yemen triggering heavy floods

A rare tropical Cyclone Chapala has slammed into Yemen triggering heavy flooding and causing damage in coastal region of the war racked country.

The cyclone made landfall in the south eastern provinces of Hadramawt and Shabwa along the Gulf of Aden coast of Yemen in Arabian Sea bringing winds of speed more than 100 kms per hour.

Key facts

  • Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) has categorized Cyclone Chapala as a Category 4 equivalent storm on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale.
  • It is believed that Cyclone Chapala is the most powerful storm that has hit Yemen in last five decades.
  • It is the second-strongest cyclone on record over the Arabian Sea, only after Cylone Gonu (2007).
  • The rainfall brought by cyclone has caused flooding of rivers which are usually dry causing destructive mudslides.
  • Earlier the cyclone had wreaked havoc on the island of Socotra, located 350 kilometers off the Yemeni mainland.

Cyclone Chapala was formed after a low pressure was formed over the Arabian Sea with deep depression intensity. The low pressure was formed due to record warm water believed to be associated with an El Niño event and low vertical wind shear.

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