Yemen crisis Current Affairs - 2020

UN Peace Envoy Jamal Benomar Resigns

United Nation (UN) peace envoy to Yemen, Jamal Benomar has resigned, after losing support from Gulf countries for his mission in the conflict-riven nation.

His resignation comes after UN Security Council adopted a resolution calling for the swift resumption of peace talks and an end to violence in Yemen on 14 April 2015.

The adopted resolution adopted calls on the Huthis to withdraw from Sanaa and all other areas they have seized.

About Jamal Benomar

  • Since 2012, he was serving as UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon’s special envoy for Yemen.
  • He joined UN in 1994 and had served at various key of posts of different UN agencies.
  • It included United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) and UN Department of Political Affairs (DPA).

Background

The security situation in Yemen deteriorated after the Shia Houthis rebels had seized power by dissolving Yemen’s government and parliament in January 2015. Since then they had taken control of key government buildings in capital Sanaa including Presidential Palace.

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Saudi Arabia along with GCC launches military operation against Houthi rebels in Yemen

Saudi Arabia along with Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) and several other countries have started military operations against Houthi rebels in Yemen.

The operations were stated after Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi had requested to counter radical Houthi movement in the country and to defend and support the legitimate government of Yemen.

The military operation included series of airstrikes which targeted Presidential Palace in Yemen’s capital Sanaa.

The countries included in the operation led by Saudi Arabia are Jordan, Sudan, Morocco, Egypt and Pakistan along with GCC member countries. GCC members involved are United Arab Emirates (UAE), Bahrain, Qatar and Kuwait.

United States also has announced authorised logistical and intelligence support to Saudi Arabia led military operations, but has clearly mentioned that its forces will not participate in operations directly.

Indian Government also has issued advisory asking Indian nationals in Yemen to leave the country in view of the continuing fragile situation there.

Background

  • The security situation in Yemen deteriorated after the Shia Houthis rebels had seized power by dissolving Yemen’s government and parliament in January 2015.
  • Since then rebels had taken control of key government buildings in capital Sanaa including Presidential Palace. They also had taken control and seized city of Taiz, third largest city of Yemen.

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