ZSI Current Affairs - 2019
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Union Government has released a commemorative postage stamp to mark the Centenary year of Zoological Survey of India (ZSI).
The postage stamp was released by Union Communication and IT Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad in the presence of Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in New Delhi.
They also released publications of ZSI- the Centenary Souvenir, Centenary Directory and A Glorious 100.
About Zoological Survey of India (ZSI)
- ZSI is the apex institution on animal (fauna) taxonomy in India.
- Established: 1 July 1916.
- Objective: To promote the survey, exploration, research and documentation on various aspects of animal taxonomy in the Indian subcontinent. It also seeks advancement of knowledge on animal taxonomy.
- Headquarter: Kolkata. It also has 16 regional centres located in different parts of the country.
- Functions under the aegis of Union Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC). It activities are coordinated by the Conservation and Survey Division of MoEFCC.
- It has been declared as the designated repository for the National Zoological Collection as per section 39 of the National Biodiversity Act, 2002
- Activities Undertaken: Study of the fauna of states, of conservation areas, of important ecosystems.
- It also undertakes status survey of endangered species, fauna of India and ecological Studies & Environmental impact assessments.
- ZSI publishes Red Data Book on Indian Animals. It was first published in 1983 and is similar to Red Data Book published by International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN).
Union Government has announced that 424 species of fauna and 347 species of flora including 2 reptiles have been discovered in the country in 2013-2014.
It was announced by Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar in a written reply to the Lok Sabha.
The written reply mentioned that
- These species were discovered by scientists and taxonomists of Botanical Survey of India (BSI) and Zoological Survey of India (ZSI) in the year 2013-14.
- Details of these discovered plant species have been published as ‘Plant Discoveries 2013’ and ‘Plant Discoveries 2014’ published by BSI.
- While that of animal species has been published in ‘Animal discoveries 2013’ and ‘Animal Discoveries 2014’ published by ZSI.
- 2 new species of reptiles have been discovered for the first time in the country. They are ‘Rhinophis goweri’ discovered in Noolathu Kombai, Bodamalai hills and ‘Boiga flaviviridis’ discovered in Berahampur, Odisha.
- India is known for its rich biological diversity and high endemism. It ranks among the top ten species rich nations in the world.
- As per BSI there are about 47,791 species of plants in India, while as per ZSI studies there are over 96,000 species of animals in the country.
- All endangered species in India are protected under section 38 of the Biological Diversity Act, 2002.