Tribal Freedom fighters Museum developed by GoI

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs had announced that around nine tribal fighters’ museums are to be established by 2022. The museums are to be dedicated to freedom fighters of tribal clans. Out of these nine, two are nearing completion and the rest are in different stages of progress.

Highlights

The largest of all the nine museums is to be built in Rajpipla in Gujarat at a cost of Rs 102.55 crores. The rest of the museums are built in Ranchi (Jharkhand), Raipur (Chhattisgarh), Lambasingi (Andhra Pradesh), Kozhikode (Kerala), Hyderabad (Telangana), Chhindwara (Madhya Pradesh), Senapati (Manipur) and Kelsi (Mizoram).

The museums will involve augmented reality, 3D and 7D holographic projections. The designs of the museums are studied from Manav Sangrahalaya Museum in Bhopal and Virasat-e-Khalsa museum in Punjab.

Background

The museums are to be built in states where the tribals lived and struggled against British. The museums will depict how much they refused to bow down to the British.

Rani Gaidinilu

The Manipur museum is to be dedicated to Rani Gaidinilu. This museum is the second most expensive after Gujarat Museum

She joined the Heraka religious movement at the age of 13. The movement later turned into political movement in Manipur and areas of Naga. She was considered as the incarnation of Goddess Cherachamdinilu within the movement.

The Heraka movement was started by her cousin Haipou Jadonang. Rani Gaidinilu became the leader of Guerrila forces fighting against the British.

The Museum is to be established in Senapati, Manipur at a cost of Rs 51.38 crores.

Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh

The Museum for the tribal freedom fighter Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh is to be established in Raipur, Chhattisgarh at a cost of Rs 25.66 crores.

He is also called “The first Chhattisgarhi Freedom Fighter”. A cricket stadium in Raipur was named after him in the city of Raipur as “Shaheed Veer Narayan Singh International Cricket Stadium” or Naya Raipur International Cricket Stadium. It is the third largest cricket stadium in India. Also, it is the fourth largest in the world.

He looted grain stocks and distributed it to the poor during famine. He was executed in December 1857.

Birsa Munda

The Museum at Ranchi, Jharkhand is to be dedicated to the Tribal freedom fighter Birsa Munda. The museum is to be established at a cost of Rs 36.66 crores. He was from Munda tribe. He led the tribal religious Millenarian movement that arose in Bengal Presidency in late 19th century.

His portrait has found its place in the Indian Parliament museum and is the only tribal leader to have been so honored. He is remembered till today in the states of Bihar, Odisha, West Bengal and Madhya Pradesh.

He raised his voice against the Indian Forest Act, 1882 under which ownership of all waste lands in villages were vested in Government.

Shri Alluri Seetha Ram Raju

The Museum at Lammasingri, Andhra Pradesh is to be dedicated to Shri Alluri Seetha Ram Raju. It is to be established at a cost of Rs 35 crores.

He also fought against the Indian Forest Act, 1882 just like Birsa Munda. However, he was against the restrictions imposed by the act on free movement of tribal people in the forest. This prevented them from practicing their traditional shifting agriculture. He led the Rampa Rebellion in 1992.

He fought for the tribal clan in East Godavari and in the regions of Madras Presidency.

Tantya Bheel, Bheema Nayak and Khajaya Nayak

The Museum to be built in Chhindwara, Madhya Pradesh is to be dedicated to these three leaders.

Tantia Bhil

He was named a dacoit during British rule between 1978 and 1889. HE was from the Adivasi community.

Bheema Nayak

Bheema Nayak fought against the British during the 1857 revolt. He was hanged in Andaman prison in 1876. In 2017, Shaheed Bhima Nayak Pariyojana was launched by the Madhya Pradesh Government.

Ramji Gond

The Museum at Telangana is to be dedicated to Ramji Gond. It is to be constructed at a cost of Rs 18 crores.

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