Uttarakhand tops in “Environmental Performance Index (EPI)”

Uttarakhand (scored 0.8123) topped the list of best-performing States and Union territories in terms of environmental performance. As per the Environmental Performance Index (EPI) released by Planning Commission:

· Uttarakhand is followed by Himachal Pradesh (0.7316), Chandigarh (0.7270), Sikkim (0.7149), and Andhra Pradesh (0.7147).

· Best states in terms of air quality: Mizoram, Kerala, Goa, Sikkim, Tripura, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar (all with average score of 1)

· Paradoxically, except for Uttarakhand, all the States meet the prescribed national ambient air quality standard in respect of the sulphur dioxide of 20 micrograms per cubic metre.

· More than 10 States do not meet the national standard of 30 microgram per cubic metre for Nitrogen dioxide.

· Except for Goa, Kerala, and Mizoram, no State meets the 60 microgram per cubic metre national standard for particulate matter.

· Himachal Pradesh is the only state with 100 % sewage treatment capacity, in the remaining States it ranges from 0 (13 States) to less than 20 % (8 States) and more than 50 per cent in 4 States.

· Total fecal coliform count is as much as 92 % in most of the States.

· States leading in forest conservation and expansion of green cover are Chandigarh, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Madhya Pradesh.

Environmental well-being is one of the considerations for transfer of funds to the States under the Gadgil formula.

Indicators taken under consideration to arrive at water quality:

· Sewage disposal

· water quality of rivers

· dissolved oxygen

· total coliform count

· percentage of water exploitation

The indicators considered for measuring the ambient air quality performance:

· sulphur dioxide

· nitrogen oxide

· particulate matter

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Categories: Environment Current Affairs 2018Science and Technology Current Affairs - 2018

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