Yoshihide Suga to succeed Shinzo Abe as Prime Minister of Japan

On September 16, 2020, Yoshihide Suga was elected as the new prime minister of Japan after Shinzo Abe resigned.

Background

The longest serving Prime Minister of Japan, Shinzo Abe resigned in August 2020 due to health reasons. He was first elected to the Diet of Japan in 1996.

Diet of Japan

Diet is the bicameral legislature of Japan (in layman terms, DIET is the parliament of Japan). It is the supreme organ of Sovereignty. Along with passing laws, Diet is also responsible for electing the prime minister. Diet first convened in 1889 to adopt Meiji Constitution. The constitution of Japan is informally called the Meiji Constitution.

Monarchy in Japan

Unlike most of the constitutional monarchs, the emperor of Japan is not the nominal chief executive. The executive powers vests in the hands of Prime Minister of Japan, the leader of the cabinet. Also, the emperor is not the commander in chief of Japan self defence forces.

The imperial seat of the emperor of Japan is referred to as the Chrysanthemum Throne. It is one of the oldest in the world. Naruhito is the current emperor of Japan.

About Yoshihide Suga

He was born in 1948 to a strawberry farmer and a school teacher in Japan. He is widely described as the right hand man of Shinzo Abe. He is different from all the other Japanese leaders as unlike the other Japanese leaders he does not belong to an elite political family or to a dynasty. Abe on the other hand was the third generation politician. He is the grandson of former Japanese Prime Minister.

Way forward

Suga is to amend Japanese Constitution that has not been amended since it took effect in 1947. This was one of Abe’s long held goals. He is to continue Japan’s previous national interests focusing on US-Japanese alliance on the basis of foundation of Japan’s security.

Also, Yoshihide Suga is to continue Abe economic policy called the “Abenomics”.

Abenomics

The Abenomics economic policy of Japan focused on combined structural reforms, Japan’s economic revival, monetary easing, fiscal expansion with a goal to increase domestic demand of the  country.

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